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02 Aug, 2022 24 Views Author: LISUN

Why EMI Measurements are Important for led drivers

EMC test is the full name of electro magnetic compatibility. It refers to the comprehensive evaluation of the electromagnetic field interference (EMI) and anti-interference ability (EMS) of electronic products. It is one of the important indicators of product quality. The measurement of electromagnetic compatibility is composed of test sites and test instruments


Today, almost all lighting applications use LED. LED has become the first choice of lighting in a relatively short time However, in most applications, LED alone cannot achieve their functions. The LED must use a suitable power supply to work Such a driver circuit should naturally be as efficient as possible to reduce energy consumption, that is why LED mainly use switching power supply.

No matter what type of power supply, electromagnetic compatibility should be considered This is especially true in LED lights Over time, various measurement, evaluation and recording standards for the interference generated by LEDs have been established.

Uncontrolled electromagnetic interference may have serious consequences. Part of the radiation produced by switching power supply is conducted emission, and part is radiated emission Therefore, the electromagnetic radiation generated by the LED drivers can be transmitted through the power line, and can also be magnetically or capacitively coupled to adjacent circuit segments. These radiation usually do not cause damage, but may cause adjacent circuit components to work abnormally.

Therefore, it is meaningful to minimize the radiation generated, but what requirements must be met in this regard? All electrical and electronic products in EU are required to have CE mark CE mark proves that the product conforms to the EU regulations on safety, health and environmental protection. Only compliant equipment can be circulated within the European economic area. Other important requirements related to electromagnetic radiation interference have been set in other parts of the world, such as UL, CSA and other standards.

Most LED drivers are boost converters. The following figure shows the schematic circuit diagram of this kind of converter. The conducted emission at the input of boost converter is usually low. The input current is not pulse type (blue current loop). However, at the output end, the emission is very high, because there is pulse current flowing through the flyback diode (red current loop). Within the conduction time (i.e. when the grounding switch is on), the inductance is charged, and no current flows through the flyback diode During this period, the total energy supplied to the load comes from the output capacitor.

Circuit diagram of boost converter

Through the schematic circuit diagram of such LED drivers boost converter, we know that the current in the on time is displayed in blue and the current in the off time is displayed in green. All paths where the current changes in a very short time (or switching time) are shown in red in the above figure. These paths change from current state to no current state in just a few nanoseconds. They are critical paths. Only with EMI testing can the design be as compact as possible, thereby reducing radiation emissions Switching regulators with much lower radiation emissions are on the market. The arrangement of critical paths is so symmetrical that most of the magnetic fields generated by currents in different directions cancel each other.

Therefore, LISUN launched EMI receiver system for EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) radiation conduction or conducted emissions testing. The EMI-9KB EMI receiver is produced by the full closure structure and strong electro-conductibility material, which has high shielding effect. Due to the new technology for the EMI Test System, it solved the instrument self-EMI problem. The test results are according to the international format test report. The EMI Test System EMI-9KB fully meets CISPR15:2018CISPR16-1GB17743, FCC, EN55015 and EN55022.

EMI-9KB EMI Test Receiver

EMI-9KB EMI Test Receiver

Lisun Instruments Limited was found by LISUN GROUP in 2003. LISUN quality system has been strictly certified by ISO9001:2015. As a CIE Membership, LISUN products are designed based on CIE, IEC and other international or national standards. All products passed CE certificate and authenticated by the third party lab.

Our main products are GoniophotometerIntegrating SphereSpectroradiometerSurge GeneratorESD Simulator GunsEMI ReceiverEMC Test EquipmentElectrical Safety TesterEnvironmental ChamberTemperature ChamberClimate ChamberThermal ChamberSalt Spray TestDust Test ChamberWaterproof TestRoHS Test (EDXRF)Glow Wire Test and Needle Flame Test.

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