Five kinds of LED Efficiency
Compare LED efficiency and life, the conception of efficiency is more complex. Firstly, there are three kinds of general efficiency, please check the Diagram 1.
|Luminous Efficiency(lm/W)||Conversion Efficiency|
|lamp beads||Connect lamp beads to DC power source directly, the rate of lamp beads flux and consumption power||Connect lamp beads to DC power source directly, the rate of light power and total consumption power.|
|Luminous Efficiency= lamp beads flux/ consumption power||Conversion Efficiency= lamp beads light power/ total consumption power|
|Single LED in the application Environment||Connect lamp board to DC power source directly, the rate of lamp board flux and consumption power||Connect lamp board to DC power source directly, the rate of light power and total consumption power.|
|Reflect the average luminous efficiency of lamp beads||Generally, do not consider this parameter|
|LED Power Driver||×||Connect with AC power, the rate of output power and input power|
|×||Driver Conversion Efficiency=Driver output power(Pout)/Driver input power(Pin)|
|Total luminaries||Connect total luminaries to AC power source directly, the rate of output flux and input power||Connect total luminaries to AC power source directly, the rate of output light power and input power|
|Total Luminaries Luminous Efficiency= Total luminaries Output flux/Input power||Generally, do not consider this parameter|
Firstly, for lamp beads, there are two concepts of efficiency:
- Lamp beads luminous efficiency, how much light can be issued every 1W input power. This efficiency is the indicator to measure the light efficiency of lamp beads, not the indicator to measure the light efficiency of total luminaries. Therefore, the light efficiency of single LED is the basic for the light efficiency of total luminaries; it is not equal to the light efficiency of the total luminaries.
- Lamp beads conversion efficiency means that every 1W input power, how much power is used to emit light. Luminous efficiency is generally used. Conversion efficiency is often used to assess the development level of the chip.
Secondly, the efficiency of lamp beads in the application environment generally does not use. However, it is generally used to assess the quality of number of lamp beads, which is irrespective of the case without driver, the ratio of lamp beads direct consumed power in lamp board and the lamp board total luminous amount. The lumen amount calculated by this way can reflect the average luminous efficiency of a number of lamp beads, to determine the quality of number of lamp beads.
In addition, more people may be familiar with driver efficiency, it is the driver conversion efficiency that is the ratio of drive input power and drive output power.
Finally is the total luminaries luminous efficiency. This formula is simple; it is the ratio of luminaries luminous total amount and input total power. For the optical conversion efficiency generated by the lamp structure is a little special, lamp structure optical conversion efficiency=total luminaries total flux/lamp board total flux, which is defined as the ratio of the light emitted by lamp board of the light emitted by the total luminaries; this contains at least the optical attenuation because of expanding light board or translucent panel.
People usually confuse the total luminaries luminous efficiency and lamp beads luminous efficiency. We can roughly think the relationship between them: Total luminaries luminous efficiency=lamp beads luminous efficiency in the application environment-driver conversion efficiency –structure optical conversion efficiency.
In this relationship formula, we can see that total luminaries luminous efficiency should be less than lamp beads luminous efficiency, except the effect brought by the driver conversion efficiency mentioned above, there is also a problem often overlooked, that is the influence of lamp structure. Lamp structure influence is not only the influence of diffusion plate, especially for a side emitting type of lamp, its optical conversion efficiency is very low. It can be a bottleneck of side-emitting type of lamp. Therefore, if we say total luminaries luminous efficiency, you should deduct driver conversion efficiency and lamp structure conversion efficiency.
Efficiency is a relative complex concept in LED lighting. At the same time, we also need to point out that efficiency is not unchangeable; it can change with the work environment. For example, work temperature will make efficiency change. Therefore, when we talk about LED efficiency, not only we should point out which efficiency, but also efficiency in what temperature. Lisun LPCE-2(LMS-9000A) Spectroradiometer & Integrating Sphere system is for total luminaries luminous efficiency.
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